Open as Possible, Closed as Necessary in Horizon Europe.
Horizon Europe is a €100bn grant funding programme spanning 2021 to 2027 – our blog series provides you with 8 prerequisites you must understand to be successful.
In this, the 4th of our 8 blogs, we are focusing on “Open as Possible, Closed as Necessary.” In short, data in Horizon Europe should be FAIR – Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability and Reusability.
Horizon Europe is a funding opportunity that every SME, Public Body, Research Institution and Citizen Group could benefit from. We at IFE understand that the new Horizon Europe funding programme can also be confusing – there are new requirements and areas of focus compared with Horizon 2020. Once you have read this short blog series you will understand what is new in Horizon Europe.
The FAIR Data principle has been adopted into Horizon Europe and will underpin any proposal that involves data – so all proposals. Here is the low down:
- Findable: The first step in (re)using data is to find them. Metadata and data should be easy to find for both humans and computers. Machine-readable metadata are essential for automatic discovery of datasets and services.
- Accessible: Once the user finds the required data, she/he needs to know how they can be accessed, including authentication and authorisation.
- Interoperable: The data usually need to be integrated with other data. In addition, the data need to interoperate with applications or workflows for analysis, storage, and processing.
- Reusable: The ultimate goal of FAIR is to optimise the reuse of data. To achieve this, metadata and data should be well-described so that they can be replicated and/or combined in different settings.
Under Horizon Europe, the Commission ran a flexible pilot called the Open Research Data Pilot (ORD pilot). The ORD pilot aimed to improve and maximise access to and re-use of research data generated by Horizon 2020 projects and took into account the need to balance openness and protection of scientific information, commercialisation, and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), privacy concerns, security as well as data management and preservation questions.
Horizon Europe goes a few steps further:
- The open access rules have been extended to include more publications – for example books are now included.
- Open access must now be immediate and the default
- Research Data Management (RDM) costs are now eligible for funding
- Increased emphasis on FAIR Data Management Plans
- There is a new Open Access Publishing Platform called “Open Research Europe”
A practical conclusion for you today! The Open Research Europe platform is an open access publishing platform for the publication of research stemming from Horizon 2020 / Europe funding across all subject areas. The platform makes it easy for Horizon 2020 / Europe beneficiaries to comply with the open access terms of their funding and offers researchers a publishing venue to share their results and insights rapidly and facilitate open, constructive research discussion.